Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) refer to the process of combining two or more companies to form a larger entity or the purchase of one company by another. This process can be carried out through a variety of methods, including stock swaps or cash payments. M&A is generally pursued as a strategy for growth or to enhance profitability by leveraging economies of scale, expanding market share, diversifying products or services, and achieving cost savings through synergies. M&A can also serve as a means of acquiring new technologies, intellectual property, or talent. However, M&A can also be risky and complex, requiring careful due diligence, legal and financial expertise, and effective integration planning to ensure successful outcomes.
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