KMnO4, also known as potassium permanganate, is used in organic chemistry as an oxidizing agent. It is commonly used to oxidize alcohols to aldehydes or carboxylic acids, depending on the reaction conditions. It can also be used to cleave double bonds in unsaturated compounds and to oxidize amino acids to produce alpha-keto acids. Additionally, KMnO4 is used as a reagent in various organic transformations, such as the Baeyer-Villiger oxidation and oxidative cleavage of diols.
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