Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that primarily affects older adults and causes muscle pain and stiffness, typically in the shoulders, hips, and neck. The exact cause of polymyalgia rheumatica is unknown, but it is believed to involve an abnormal immune response in genetically susceptible individuals.
Flare-ups of polymyalgia rheumatica can be triggered by a number of factors, including:
Abrupt reduction in steroid dosage: Polymyalgia rheumatica is typically treated with corticosteroids, which are effective in reducing inflammation and relieving symptoms. However, if the dosage is reduced too quickly, it can cause a flare-up of symptoms.
Infection or illness: Infections or illnesses can trigger a flare-up of polymyalgia rheumatica by activating the immune system and causing inflammation.
Stress: Stress can have a negative impact on the immune system, which can trigger a flare-up of polymyalgia rheumatica.
Injury or trauma: Physical injury or trauma can cause a flare-up of polymyalgia rheumatica by triggering inflammation in the affected area.
Surgery: Surgery can be a trigger for polymyalgia rheumatica, as it can cause inflammation and activate the immune system.
In summary, flare-ups of polymyalgia rheumatica can be caused by a variety of factors, including abrupt reduction in steroid dosage, infection or illness, stress, injury or trauma, and surgery. Managing these triggers and working with a healthcare provider to monitor and adjust treatment can help reduce the frequency and severity of flare-ups.
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