The two organelles that produce proteins are the ribosomes and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Ribosomes are tiny structures found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells that are responsible for synthesizing proteins. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a membrane-bound organelle that comes in two types: smooth ER and rough ER. The rough ER is called as such because it is studded with ribosomes that synthesize proteins which are then transported to other parts of the cell or secreted outside the cell. The smooth ER also plays a role in protein synthesis, albeit a different one: it synthesizes lipids and hormones. Together, these two organelles work to ensure that the cell has the necessary proteins to function properly.
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