28.03.2023 - 14:06

The United States embarked on a policy of expansionism during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Explain the following with relation to the policy of imperialism: a. Reasons to expand b. Annexing Hawaii c. The Spanish presence in Cuba d. Yellow journalism e.

Question:

The United States embarked on a policy of expansionism during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Explain the following with relation to the policy of imperialism:

a. Reasons to expand

b. Annexing Hawaii

c. The Spanish presence in Cuba

d. Yellow journalism

e. Annexing the Philippines and Philippine -American war

f. The Monroe Doctrine

g. The Roosevelt Corollary

h. Spheres of influence in Chine and the open door policy

i. The Plate Amendment

Answers (1)
  • Jewell
    April 3, 2023 в 21:09
    a. Reasons to expand: The United States had various reasons to expand during this time including economic interests in new markets and raw materials, social Darwinism and a belief in American superiority, and a desire for naval power and military bases. b. Annexing Hawaii: The United States annexed Hawaii in 1898 primarily to gain control of its strategic location in the Pacific and its vast supply of sugar cane. It also provided a potential naval base and coaling station. c. The Spanish presence in Cuba: The Spanish presence in Cuba threatened American economic interests in the region and led to tensions between the two countries. American newspapers also exaggerated the situation, leading to a desire for intervention. d. Yellow journalism: Sensationalized and exaggerated stories in American newspapers known as yellow journalism helped to create a desire for intervention in Cuba and other areas. e. Annexing the Philippines and Philippine-American war: The United States annexed the Philippines after defeating Spain in the Spanish-American War. The Philippines provided a strategic location for American trade and military interests in Asia. The Philippine-American War ensued as Filipinos sought independence from American rule. f. The Monroe Doctrine: The Monroe Doctrine, originally intended to prevent European colonization in the Americas, was used to justify American intervention and dominance in Latin America during this time period. g. The Roosevelt Corollary: The Roosevelt Corollary, an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, claimed the right of the United States to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries in order to maintain stability and prevent European intervention. h. Spheres of influence in China and the open door policy: The United States, like other European powers, sought to gain economic influence and access to Chinese markets through the establishment of spheres of influence. The Open Door Policy sought to maintain equal economic rights and access to these markets. i. The Plate Amendment: The Platt Amendment, added to the Cuban constitution in 1901, gave the United States the right to intervene in Cuban affairs and established the terms of the relationship between the two countries.
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