23.03.2023 - 06:50

Describe the structure and function of human cell organelles.

Describe the structure and function of human cell organelles.

Answers (1)
  • BaD-BoY-PlaY-BoY
    April 8, 2023 в 07:55

    Human cells contain various organelles that perform specific functions to maintain cellular processes. Here are brief descriptions of the most important cell organelles:

    1. Nucleus: The nucleus is the most prominent organelle and is responsible for controlling cell functions. It contains genetic material in the form of DNA that is used to create proteins, which determine the structure and function of the cell.

    2. Mitochondria: Mitochondria are responsible for energy production in the cell. They break down nutrients and convert them into ATP, the energy currency of the cell.

    3. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER): The ER is a network of membranous sacs and tubules that is involved in protein synthesis, folding, and transport. It is divided into two types, the rough ER (RER) and smooth ER (SER), based on the presence or absence of ribosomes on its surface.

    4. Golgi apparatus: The Golgi apparatus is responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins and lipids into vesicles for transportation within and outside the cell.

    5. Lysosomes: Lysosomes contain digestive enzymes that break down waste products and cellular debris, which is then recycled or excreted.

    6. Peroxisomes: Peroxisomes contain enzymes that break down fatty acids and toxic substances.

    7. Cytoskeleton: The cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments that provides shape, support, and movement to the cell. It is composed of microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules.

    These organelles work together to maintain the proper functioning of the cell. Each organelle has a unique structure and performs specific functions that contribute to the overall health of the cell.

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